Mayo Clinic Health Library

Question

Early HIV symptoms: What are they?

When do early HIV symptoms first appear?

Updated: 12-02-2011

Answer

Early HIV symptoms usually occur within a month or two after infection. In many people, early HIV symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Swollen lymph glands
  • Rash

These early HIV symptoms usually disappear within a week to a month and are often mistaken for those of another viral infection. During this period, you are very infectious. More-persistent or more-severe symptoms of HIV infection may not appear for several years after the initial infection.

The symptoms that indicate an early HIV infection are extremely common. Often, you can't tell them apart from symptoms of another viral infection. And some people infected with HIV don't experience early symptoms. If you're concerned that you might have been exposed to HIV, talk to your doctor about your testing options.

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